This page is for non-native species of wildlife that I've photographed in captivity.

Green Basilisk, photographed in captivity 2011.

Green Basilisk  (Basiliscus plumifrons)

The Green Basilisk is a beautifully coloured lizard found mainly in the tropical rain forests of Central America. Known best for its amazing ability to run across the surface of water at great speed. The Green Basilisk spends much of its time in trees and is rarely found too far from a body of water.


Royal Python, photographed in captivity 2012.

Royal Python / Ball Python  (Python regius)

The Royal Python is originally found in Africa. It has become one of the most commonly kept snakes in the pet trade because of its stocky build, relatively small size ( 90-120cm ) and its usually placid temperament. They are usually black or dark brown with lighter brown or gold sides and patches but selective breeding in captivity has resulted in many different patterns and morphs being available in the pet industry. They are also known as Ball Pythons because of their unusual defence strategy which involves the snake rolling itself into a tight ball with the head hidden when threatened.

Royal Python, photographed in captivity 2012.

In the wild the Royal Python is generally a terrestrial species although like most snakes they can climb well if they need to. They usually inhabit disused mammal burrows and other underground hiding places. Like all pythons Royal Pythons are constrictors feeding almost entirely on small mammals but they have also been known to take birds on occasion.

 Yemen Chameleon, photographed in captivity 2008

Yemen Chameleon   (Chamaeleo calyptratus)

The Yemen Chameleon (also known as the Veiled Chameleon) is one of the many exotic reptiles that has recently become fairly commonly kept in the UK pet trade. They can occasionally grow to an impressive 24 inches in length but half of this length is tail. Adult males are easily identified by their bright markings and the prominent veil on top of their head.

Common Green Iguana, photographed in captivity 2021.
Common Green Iguana   (Iguana iguana)

 Poison Dart Frogs 

Although very small the Poison Dart Frogs are considered to be one of the most poisonous creatures on the earth. Generally found in the tropical rainforests of Central and South America they vary considerably in colour and pattern with many species. Unlike most frogs the Dart Frogs are diurnal meaning they are mostly active during the day time.

Mission Golden Eyed Tree Frog, photographed in captivity 2011.

Mission Golden Eyed Tree Frog / Amazon Milk Frog   (Trachycephalus resinifictrix)

Another beautiful frog from the South American Rain Forests. This frog grows to 10cm in length and may never come down from out of the trees. Because of this they are rarely seen but they are often heard with their distinctive loud call.


Black Mamba, photographed in captivity 2011. 

Black Mamba    (Dendroaspis polylepis)

The Black Mamba is the largest  venomous snake found in Africa. Measuring up to 14ft in length it is one of the most feared snakes in the world. The Black Mamba is capable of moving across land at speeds of up to 10-12mph making it the fastest snake in the world.

The Black Mamba gets its name from the black colouration of the inside of its mouth and not from its skin colour which can vary from a dull greenish colour to a slate grey colour. A bite from this snake will normally prove fatal to humans unless anti-venom is administered rapidly. Death can occur in as little as 20 minutes but 30-60 minutes is more often the case.


 King Cobra

The King Cobra is the longest venomous snake in the world growing up to an amazing 18.5ft in length. For its size the King Cobra is remarkably quick and agile. The King Cobra can deliver huge doses of venom in a single bite and they have a striking range of about 7ft. A bite to a human can result in death as quickly as 15 minutes but 30-45 minutes is most likely. The preferred food source for the King Cobra is other snakes including other venomous snakes.

 The Long Nosed Viper

Also known as the Nose-Horned Viper and the Horned Viper. The Horned Viper is the most dangerous of the European vipers and has proved fatal occasionally to humans with 10 deaths known since 1970. These snakes usually grow up to 80cm in length but occasional lengths of up to 110cm have been known.

The horn on these vipers makes them easily identifiable but the horn itself  is soft and pliable and its purpose is still unknown by herpetologists. Colours of this species can vary greatly and the males usually have brighter colours and sharper more distinctive markings.


  Emerald Tree Boa

The Emerald Tree Boa is one of the most striking and beautiful snakes in the world. Found across South America in the surrounding jungles of the Amazon River. Usually growing to around 6-7ft in length these arboreal snakes hold this coiled position whilst perched on a branch waiting for prey to come within range. Although these snakes are non-venomous they have unusually long front teeth and can deliver a very powerful bite.

Juvenile Emerald Tree Boas are born orange-red in colour and do not adopt the green colouration until 9-12 months old. These snakes use very little energy coiled on branches and subsequently they may go several months between meals due to their very slow metabolic rate and digestive system. The usual diet of the ETB is small mammals but they will also eat small birds and occasionally lizards in the wild.

Being strictly arboreal the Emerald Tree Boa is safe from predation on the ground but is vulnerable in the tree tops to predation from large birds of prey such as the Crested Eagle. Unlike many snakes the ETB is viviparous meaning that it does not lay eggs. The female gives birth to fully developed young. The ETB has rows of heat receptor pits along the length of its jaw. These heat pits work using infrared picking up the tiniest of movements by their prey allowing these nocturnal snakes to strike with deadly accuracy even in total darkness.


Green Tree Python

The Green Tree Python is another highly beautiful snake similar in appearance to the Emerald Tree Boa. They are also arboreal and adopt the same photogenic sleeping position suspended from branches high in the trees. Despite sharing so many similarities with the ETB the GTP is found in a completely different continent. The GTP is found in New Guinea, Indonisia and North Australia.

The GTP usually grows to around 5 - 7.5ft in length and can live for over 35 years in captivity. Although non-venomous these snakes do have extremely long needle sharp fangs and can be quite aggressive and may readily strike if disturbed especially after dark when they are in hunting mode. Their heads are considerably larger than their necks with large well developed jaw muscles.


When the GTPs first hatch they are usually bright yellow in colour. Occasionally they can also be bright orange or even red. In the wild GTPs feed on small birds, reptiles and mammals.



Guinea Pig (aka Cavy)

The Guinea Pig originated from South America where it was domesticated many thousands of years ago and was kept as a source of food. Now they are frequently kept as pets throughout the world but still remain a valuable source of food in some countries. 

Although domesticated for many thousands of years the Guinea Pig remains a very nervous and jittery little creature. They often jump around to evade being picked up but usually settle down very quickly once they no longer perceive you as a threat. They are very vocal animals and communicate through a range of distinctive noises.


Bennet Wallaby photographed in captivity at Leonardslee Gardens in Suffolk, 18th October 2020
Bennett Wallaby (Macropus rufogriseus)
Bennett Wallabies, also known as Red-Necked Wallabies, are medium-sized marsupials originating from Tasmania, which has a similar climate to the UK. These Wallabies can run or hop at speeds of up to 40mph and are capable of jumping to heights of over 6ft! They are also strong diggers too which makes them a challenge to keep in captivity. In the wild they live to an average age of around 7 years but in captivity they can exceed 15 years. The young Wallabies, known as Joeys, can be seen in May-June and are carried around in a pouch located on the abdomen of adult females. Bennett Wallabies grow to an average height of around 91cm and usually weigh 14-18KG. However some Wallaby specimens have grown to 180cm in height. Albino specimens are common in captivity. Wallabies have an acute sense of smell and hearing. Their ears can rotate 180 degrees independently to detect danger.

Bennet Wallaby photographed in captivity at Leonardslee Gardens in Suffolk, 18th October 2020

In the UK there are several feral populations of Bennett Wallabies that were established around 1900 from both deliberate introductions and accidentally escaped specimens that had been kept as pets sourced from Tasmania or eastern Australia. Bennett Wallabies can be found in the Peak District, Derbyshire and Ashdown Forest in East Sussex. There are also smaller groups found in West Sussex and Hampshire. The IOM also has a population of around 250 Bennett Wallabies that were only recently introduced in the 1970s.

Albino Bennet Wallaby photographed in captivity at Leonardslee Gardens in Suffolk, 18th October 2020

Albino Bennet Wallaby photographed in captivity at Leonardslee Gardens in Suffolk, 18th October 2020